Nitrile Gloves

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What are nitrile gloves and what are they made of?

Nitrile gloves are a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) that provides hand protection. Disposable gloves get their name from the material used to make them - a compound called nitrile - which is both chemically and puncture resistant. Because nitrile gloves are made from synthetic rubber, they are a suitable PPE alternative for people with latex allergies.

What are nitrile gloves made of?

Nitrile rubber is essentially a synthetic, reprocessed version of latex. Nitrile gloves are initially made from rubber extracted from rubber trees, which is then converted into latex rubber. After becoming latex rubber, the glove is again reprocessed until it forms a nitrile compound. This additional processing eliminates all latex proteins, making the gloves latex-free and safe for anyone with a latex allergy.

Although the extensive processing used to make nitrile gloves is much more expensive than latex gloves, modern technology has made a more cost-effective approach possible. Today, nitrile gloves are as affordable and easy to use as regular latex gloves, and have a lower allergy rating.

Decheng nitrile gloves

The role of nitrile gloves

Many industries expose workers to irritants, chemicals and other potentially hazardous materials. Wearing disposable nitrile gloves protects these workers from skin irritation, infection, burns, cuts, punctures, abrasions and more. Nitrile gloves also protect employees from harmful microorganisms, including fungi, bacteria and viruses, making them a versatile PPE option.

In addition to protecting the wearer, nitrile gloves can also protect materials used by the wearer, such as electronics, metal and glass. In some industries, wearing nitrile gloves can protect others that workers may encounter, such as medical patients.

Nitrile Gloves Applications

The quality of nitrile gloves makes them suitable for use in numerous industries where employees may come into contact with food or hazards, such as abrasive materials or chemicals. Nitrile gloves provide the wearer with waterproof and puncture-resistant hand protection that is comfortable and easy to put on and take off. The durability of nitrile gloves also makes them ideal for industries that require extended use of PPE.

Because nitrile gloves protect the wearer from hazards such as chemicals, pesticides and commercial cleaning products, they are commonly used in industrial and commercial environments. In addition, nitrile gloves are common in medical settings because they provide a two-way contact barrier for evaluating patients, handling medical waste and handling biological materials. In fact, the FDA recommends that disposable nitrile gloves be worn in hospitals and other healthcare facilities.

The following industries benefit from the use of nitrile gloves.

Medical vs Non-Medical Nitrile Gloves

The first step in selecting nitrile gloves is to choose between medical grade nitrile gloves and non-medical nitrile gloves. Nitrile gloves are considered medical or non-medical based on the level of FDA safety guidelines and requirements they meet. How you intend to use the glove will determine which type of glove you need to purchase.

To help you decide, here is a comparison of nitrile medical gloves and non-medical gloves.

Non-Medical: These nitrile gloves are best suited for activities that involve handling harsh chemicals and solvents or sharp objects. Industries that use non-medical nitrile gloves include the cleaning, automotive and food service industries.

Medical Grade: Medical grade nitrile gloves have been thoroughly tested to meet FDA guidelines to ensure that the gloves provide adequate durability, strength and barrier for medical examinations. Because of these qualities, nitrile examination gloves are the best glove choice when there is a risk of exposure to blood borne pathogens or environmental contaminants. Medical grade nitrile gloves are most commonly used in hospitals, medical offices and dental clinics.

Nitrile glove options

The following are the three main parameters when selecting nitrile gloves.

1. Color

Nitrile gloves are available in a variety of colors. Often, organizations will color code nitrile gloves to avoid cross-contamination. In general, black nitrile gloves are often used to hide messes, while brightly colored nitrile gloves are used to stand out and indicate safety compliance. If your work typically involves sharp objects, consider using bright nitrile gloves under dark nitrile gloves for extra protection, as seeing brighter colors appear will quickly alert you to cuts or punctures in darker gloves.

2. Size

Well-fitting gloves are critical for workers. Properly sized gloves improve comfort and tactile sensitivity, enabling employees to do their jobs better. Nitrile gloves are typically available in small, medium, large and extra large sizes. Gloves are dexterous and unisex, which means you don't have to worry about pairing or keeping multiple glove styles available.

3. Thicknesses

Disposable nitrile gloves are available in a variety of thicknesses, also known as gauges. The thicker a nitrile glove is, the more hand protection it can provide. Since thicker nitrile gloves give longer chemical penetration times and higher tear resistance, they are particularly suitable for harsh industrial environments. Thinner nitrile gloves give the wearer a higher level of dexterity and dexterity.


Nitrile Glove Features

In addition to the color, size and thickness of nitrile gloves, the following features should be considered when selecting PPE.
  • Texture: If you need a nitrile glove with enhanced grip, look for gloves with textured finishes on the fingers and palm.
  • Powder-free: While powdered nitrile gloves are easier to put on because the powder absorbs additional moisture, they leave a residue. Powder-free gloves with chlorinated or polymer finishes are equally easy to put on and take off without the mess caused by powders.
  • Non-sterile: Sterile nitrile gloves are gloves that meet FDA technical standards for sterilization, while non-sterile gloves are sterilized by someone other than the glove manufacturer and have a lower level of acceptable quality for pinholes. Typically, sterile gloves are used for surgical procedures. Non-sterile gloves are used for non-surgical medical procedures and examinations because they do not pose a higher risk of infection.
  • Chemotherapy grade: Disposable gloves need to provide a level of protection that is suitable for handling chemotherapy drugs. While other gloves (such as vinyl gloves) are too permeable to handle chemotherapy drugs, nitrile gloves are chemistry grade because they offer more protection.
  • Latex-free: Because many people are allergic or sensitive to latex, latex-free nitrile gloves are an excellent alternative to disposable latex gloves.

Why Trust Decheng Medical for Nitrile Gloves?

Henan Decheng Medical Technology Co., Ltd (hereinafter referred to as Decheng Medical) is a state-owned enterprise with 100% investment from CNPC.

With a total investment of 800 million RMB, Decheng Medical has invested in 3 subsidiaries, 6 production plants and 115 glove production lines. The production plant covers an area of 100,573.00㎡ and the annual production capacity of disposable gloves can reach 50 billion pieces.

Decheng Medical specializes in nitrile gloves, latex gloves and aquatic polyurethane biodegradable gloves. The products are CE, ISO and FDA certified and comply with EN455, EN374, EN1186, ASTM D 6319 standards.